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Großbritannien auf der OpenData-Überholspur

Premierminister David Cameron hatte Ende Juni angekündigt, neue “extrem signifikante” und “kontroversielle” Datensätze im Rahmen der britischen Open Government Initiative auf http://data.gov.uk zu veröffentlichten. Lt. McKinsey soll der Wert dieser Daten 250 Milliarden Euro pro Jahr betragen.

Dementsprechend groß war das Interesse an der heutigen Pressekonferenz, in der die Details bekanntgegeben wurden. David Cameron wandte sich mit einer Videobotschaft und einem Artikel in “The Telegraph” an die Öffentlichkeit:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ky0O4mE9ark

Mit der neuen Transparenzoffensive sollen in den nächsten 12 Monaten umfangreiche Daten aus den Bereichen Gesundheit, Bildung, Justiz und Verkehr veröffentlicht werden, mit denen aus meiner Sicht Großbritannien die Vorreiterrolle im Bereich Open Government und Open Data von den USA übernehmen und auch europaweit neue Benchmarks setzen wird:

[…]

New transparency commitments

All data listed below, as with existing data commitments, must be published in an open standardised format so that it can be freely re-used under the Open Government Licence by third parties.

NHS (National Health Service)

  • Data on comparative clinical outcomes of GP practices in England to be published by December 2011,[…]
  • Prescribing data by GP practice to be published by December 2011, as per the Growth Review.
  • Complaints data by NHS hospital so that patients can see what issues have affected others and take better decisions about which hospital suits them. […]
  • Clinical audit data, detailing the performance of publicly funded clinical teams in treating key healthcare conditions, will be published from April 2012. […]
  • Data on staff satisfaction and engagement by NHS provider (for example by hospital and mental health trust) will be published from December 2011.
  • Data on the quality of post-graduate medical education by provider from April 2012.

Education & Skills

  • Data enabling parents to see how effective their school is at teaching high, average and low attaining pupils across a range of subjects, from January 2012.
  • Opening up access to anonymised data from the National Pupil Database to help parents and pupils to monitor the performance of their schools in depth, from June 2012. This will enable better comparisons of school performance and we will look to strengthen datasets in due course.
  • Bringing together for the first time school spending data, school performance data, pupil cohort data and Ofsted judgements, from January 2012, in a parent-friendly portal, searchable by postcode.
  • Data on attainment of students eligible for pupil premium to be published from January 2012.
  • Data on apprenticeships paid for by HM Government, by organisation and by success rate to be published from July 2011.

Criminal Justice

  • Sentencing data by court will be published by November 2011, enabling the public to see exactly what sentences are being handed down in their local courts, and compare different courts on a wide range of measures. The data, anonymised, will include the age, gender and ethnicity of those sentenced, the sentence given, and the time taken at each stage from offence to completion of the case in court.
  • Data on performance of probation services and prisons including re-offending rates by offender and institution. To be published from October 2011.
  • From May 2012, the national crime mapping website, Police.uk, will provide the public with information on what happens next for crime occurring on their streets, ie police action and justice outcomes.

Transport
In addition to opening up data owned by DfT and its arms length bodies, we are committed to working with the transport industry and data users to make public transport data open and freely available for re-use. Over the next year we will deliver:

  • Data on current and future roadworks on the Strategic Road Network to be published from October 2011 […]
  • All remaining Government-owned free datsets from Transport Direct, including cycle route data and the national car park database to be made available for free re-use from October 2011.
  • Real time data on the Strategic Road Network including incidents, speeds and congestion to be published from December 2011.
  • Office of Rail Regulator to increase the amount of data published relating to service performance and complaints by May 2012.
    Rail timetable information to be published weekly by National Rail from December 2011.

Government financial information

  • We are working with the purchase and payment card providers to provide a consistent method of reporting government procurement card spend data for transactions above £500 in value, so this is available for publication on departmental websites, from end September 2011.

[…]

Quelle: Letter to Cabinet Ministers by David Cameron (Hervorhebungen in fett und Kürzungen mit  […] von Robert Harm)

Die Reaktionen der britischen OpenData-Experten auf diese Ankündigungen waren durchwegs positiv, wie z.B. im Guardian Datablog nachzulesen ist.

Hadley Beeman (@hadleybeeman) hat live von der Pressekonferenz getweeted (Hashtag #openuk) – hier von mir ausgewählte Tweets zur Pressekonferenz:

(PM=Prime Minister, FM=Cabinet Minister Francis Maude, BK=Sir Bruce Keogh – NHS Medical Director)

  • The PM (via video) commits to radicallly redistributing power away from government. Transparency is power. #openuk
  • PM: Last 12 months: opening up Whitehall. Next 12 months: opening up public services. Compare perf of GPs, schools, crime/convictions #openuk
  • PM: opening public services should raise standards in public services. A 1st for the world. #openuk
  • Prime Minister: “Use it, exploit it, make it work for you.” #transparency # #openuk #opendata
  • FM: Clinical audits will be published, giving patients & clinicians more meaningful information on which to make decisions. #openuk
  • FM: schools: anonymised information on students eligible for pupil premiums. Allow you to monitor improvement for schools in depth #openuk
  • FM: the more transport operators open their data, the more use it will drive for their own services. Urge them to open more. #openuk
  • Nigel Shadbolt: Moral pressure helps. The utility of opening train data is in the interests of the train operating companies. #openuk
  • FM: Prisons: we will release performance info for prisons and probation programmes to reduce reoffending rates. #openuk
  • BK Our heart surgery is now measurably, demonstrably better than anywhere in Europe. I’ve seen the advantgs of transparency 1st hand #openuk
  • BK: Some, who offer poor services, will fall victim to this transparency. And so they should. #openuk
  • Nigel Shadbolt: we need to never turn the dial from the presumption of publ data by default. The web’s value is in unintended reuse. #openuk
  • Note: All new transparency commitments REQUIRE data to be released under the Open Government Licence. number10.gov.uk/n… #openuk #opendata
  • FM: Re: quality of data: we know it’s not perfect. Publish it, let it be scrutinised. #openuk
  • N Shadbolt: There’s now an edu piece to this, to help government re-use the data internally. Become consumers as @countculture says #openuk